The Chicago Race Riots – Thirty Eight People Killed – Five Hundred Injured
On July 27, 1919, Eugene Williams, a young African American man was hit by a rock while floating into the area of a segregated beach in Chicago by a white man in the beach area. Williams fell off his raft and drowned. When the police arrived, they arrested an African American man for a minor complaint and refused to arrest the white man who threw the rocks resulting in the death of Williams. This caused a major racial conflict that concluded on August 3, 1919 with 38 people killed and over 500 injured.
Their were 23 African Americans killed along with 15 whites.The majority of the people injured were African American and most of the property damaged belonged to African Americans (1,000 African American families were left homeless). Maclay Hoyne, the State’s Attorney accused the Chicago Police of arresting African Americans involved in the riot while refusing to arrest rioters who were white.