The Niagara Movement

Niagara movement meeting in Fort Erie, Canada, 1905
Niagara movement: meeting in Fort Erie, Canada, 1905. Top row (left to right): H. A. Thompson, Alonzo F. Herndon, John Hope, James R. L. Diggs (?). Second row (left to right): Frederick McGhee, Norris B. Herndon (boy), J. Max Barber, W. E. B. Du Bois, Robert Bonner. Bottom row (left to right): Henry L. Bailey, Clement G. Morgan, W. H. H. Hart, B. S. Smith
The Niagara Movement which was the precursor to the National Association For The Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded on July 11, 1905 at Niagara Falls near Fort Erie, Ontario.

Du Bois, W. E. B.
W.E.B. DuBois
The meeting which was organized by W.E.B. Du Bois and William Monroe Trotter brought together a group of civil rights activists often referred to as anti-Bookerites because of their opposition to some of the more perceived passive approaches to dealing with discrimination advocated by Booker T. Washiington.

William Monroe Trotter (1915)
The men who met at this meeting  were supportive of a more aggressive  method of ending discrimination in America.  They demanded among many things the equitable treatment of all American citizens and all of the rights guaranteed in the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution.