The Niagara Movement
The Niagara Movement which was the precursor to the National Association For The Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded on July 11, 1905 at Niagara Falls near Fort Erie, Ontario.
The meeting which was organized by W.E.B. Du Bois and William Monroe Trotter brought together a group of civil rights activists often referred to as anti-Bookerites because of their opposition to some of the more perceived passive approaches to dealing with discrimination advocated by Booker T. Washiington.
The men who met at this meeting were supportive of a more aggressive method of ending discrimination in America. They demanded among many things the equitable treatment of all American citizens and all of the rights guaranteed in the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the United States Constitution.