November 21, 1893 – Granville T. Woods Patents Electric Railway Conduit
Granville T. Woods patented the Electric Railway Conduit on November 21, 1983. This invention allowed electricity to be sent to trains in a more effective, safe and efficient manner..Granville T. Woods was often described as the “Black” Edison. Actually, Woods won twice in court defending his inventions from claims by Thomas Edison. Woods patented more than 50 inventions including the Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph which enabled communications between train stations from moving trains. This system completely changed the operation of the railway system; saving perhaps thousands of lives by allowing trains to communicate with each other while moving on the rails. Woods sold his telegraphony invention which was a system in which a telegraph station could use a single wire to send messages by voice and telegraph to American Bell Telephone Company. He sold many of his inventions to General Electric, American Engineering and Westinghouse. Woods was born on April 23, 1856 in Columbus, Ohio and died on January 30, 1910 in New York City at age 53.