W.E.B. Du Bois
W.E.B. Du Bois became the first African American member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters on June 22, 1943. Du Bois was a historian, civil rights activist, sociologist, author, editor and Pan-Africanist who in 1909 was also one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). DuBois is noted nationally as being a leader of an organization of African Americans who wanted equal rights for African Americans, which was called the Niagara Movement. He was born on February 23, 1868 in Great Barrington, Massachusetts and died on August 27, 1963 at age 95 in Accra, Ghana.